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Blue Spot Grouper
Blue Spot Grouper Blue Spot Grouper
 
Quick Facts

Family: Serranidae
Range: Indo-Pacific
Size: Up to 16 inches
Diet: Carnivore
Tank Set-up: Marine: Coral or rock, plants
Reef Compatible: With caution
Tank Conditions: 72-78ºF; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4
Minimum Tank Capacity: 100 gallon
Light: Medium
Temperament: Aggressive
Swimming Level: Bottom
Care Level: Moderate
Reproduction: Egg Layer

Environment
  Reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 40 m, usually 1 - 10 m
Climate / Range

Tropical; 24°C - 28°C; 29°N - 34°S, 33°E - 122°W
Distribution
  Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Durban, South Africa and eastward to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn group, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. May be confused with Cephalopholis cyanostigma.
Description
 

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. Dark brown in color, with small black-edged ocelli; 5-6 pale bars on rear part of body; large pale area over chest; distal part of pectorals sometimes maroon brown; triangular membranes at tips of dorsal fin spines orange-gold in color.

Biology
 
A generally common species found in a variety of coral habitats from tide pools to depths of at least 40 m; prefers the 1 to 10 m reef zone. Juvenile prefers shallow, protected coral thickets. Benthic and benthopelagic. Feeds mainly on fishes (75-95%) and to a lesser extent on crustaceans. In the Red Sea, it feeds early in the morning and late afternoon; but at Madagascar, it appears to feed more at night. Implicated in ciguatera at some of the islands in Pacific region. In Hong Kong live fish markets.
 
 
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